Precious stones

The precious stones used in jewelry are almost exclusively cut: it is thanks to the cut that their natural qualities, color and luster can be enhanced, furthermore determining their value last on the market.

The art of cutting precious stones is very ancient. Here are some examples of the most famous cuts in the world.

Brilliant cut
The brilliant cut, dating back to 1600, it is generally round and mostly used for diamonds, but not only.
It is structured as follows: 57 facets, 33 in the upper part - table and crown - and 24 in the lower part - pavilion; at the lower apex of the gem all the faces come together.
It has a peculiarity: unfortunately it involves the loss of about 60% of the weight of the stone, but this is all to the advantage of its brilliance and beauty endings.
From this initial cut, over time, others have developed: the navette cut, the heart cut, the oval cut and the drop cut.

Step cut
This type of cut of gems includes cuts formed by rows of veneers with a staircase arrangement; it is particularly suitable for square or rectangular stones.
The most famous of these cuts is the emerald one, which was created precisely to enhance the extraordinary beauty of this stone, but which is normally also used for other gems. From this initial cut we then have the baguette cut and the carré cut.

Princess cut
It is a fairly recent and can be defined as mixed, since it has characteristics common to both the cuts described above.
In the princess cut, in fact, the crown is brilliant cut while the pavilion is cut in steps; it is particularly suitable for stones with clear and transparent colors.

Cabochon cut
The cabochon cut consists in giving the stone a shape convex without facets, with a flat base. It is mainly used for opaque stones to enhance the play of colors.

Rose cut
This cut has in common with the cabochon has a rounded shape, but has 24 triangular facets in the upper part of the stone.